Biochar is plant and/or animal biomass by-product or organic waste based stabile carboniferous substance for conservation agriculture applications. Biochar is produced under reductive thermal conditions. The biochar must be well defined and controlled quality. Biochar is applied to improve the soil physical and/or chemical and/or biological properties or the soil activity. A wide range of organic feed materials can be used for biochar production, subject to sustainability requirements, such as not to compete with human food, animal feed and plant nutrition production and supply; and originating from environmental and climate protection sustainable supplies.
ABC (Animal Bone bioCharc) is high calcium phosphate apatite mineral and low carbon content macroporous slow release natural organic P-fertilizer product.
ABC is produced from food grade category 3 animal bones between 600°C – 650°C reductive thermal processing and negative pressure conditions with advanced zero emission environmental performance.
ABC is composed principally of high Phosphorous content hydroxyapatite mineral natural inorganic and carbon constituent. Having low carbon content and as high as 30% P2O5 nutrient composition with sequenced release P- fertilization effect. ABC is highly macroporous, formulation optimized for significant enhancing of soil microbiological life, having high water holding and macromolecular organic nutrient retention.
PBC (Plant based biochar) is high stabile carbon content plant origin micro- and meso porous carboniferous soil improver product, with relatively high water holding, nutrient retention and C-sequestration capacity , but almost no soil fertilization effects with economical value.
Plant biochar is produced from plant biomass materials between 450°C – 550°C reductive thermal processing negative pressure conditions with zero emission or near zero mission environmental performance.
Plant Based Biochar (PBC) is a soil improver, while Animal Bone bioChar (ABC) is an organic P-fertilizer or both. Properly produced biochar has the potential to restore the soil natural balance and benefits crop production economics by improved water and nutrient retention, leading to drought tolerance and soil fertility for food crop production with economical importance.